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1 Communication for Sustainable Development ABS-41

The Meaning of Identity Transformation of Former Female Prostitutes
Wiwik Novianti

Faculty of Social and Political Science
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman


Leaving the world of prostitution is a difficult thing for former female prostitutes. The need for money, family rejection and negative stigma to former female prostitutes make them desperate and re-prostitutes. It takes a struggle and a strong determination to escape and not trapped in prostitution again.
It is therefore interesting to investigate how former female prostitutes interpret the identity transformation that makes them actually left the sex work.
The purpose of this research is to investigate the meaning of identity transformation of former female prostitutes so that they can persistence to still not back again to sex work even though the bad stigma is still attached to them.
This research using phenomenology approach to discover the meaning of the identity transformation of former female prostitutes. In-depth interviews, nonparticipant observations and document analysis were used to gather the data in this research.
There were six meanings of identity transformation of former female prostitutes: 1) The result of a strong intention to leave the sex work; 2) Gift from God; 3) Repentance; 4) Efforts to get rid of bad identities; 5) Consciousness; and 6) Freedom.

Keywords: identity transformation, prostitution, former female prostitutes, stigma, phenomenology

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Wiwik Novianti)

2 Election, Political Leadership and Development ABS-4

Electoral Volatility of Political Parties of Jambi Province : An Analysis of Political Party Relations With Constituents
Hatta Abdi Muhammad, Nopyandri

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
Universitas Jambi


According to Mainwaring, the system of political parties in the third wave of democracy is significantly less institutionalized than those in long-established democracies. A more institutionalized system is a system where political parties have strong roots in society. The purpose of this study is to determine the high volatility of Political Parties in Jambi Province. By using qualitative descriptive research methods the results of this study indicate that the existence of Political Parties in Jambi Province since the beginning of the reform era shows a high level of volatility. The general elections that have taken place on the one hand produce successive winning political parties and on the other hand show the deterioration in the voice of existing political parties. The fundamental problem that arises is the high level of primordial phenomena within political parties, the weakness of the institutional system of political parties, not entrenching the relations of political parties with constituents and unconsolidated relations well.

Keywords: Political Party of Jambi Province, Electoral Volatility, Constituent Loyalty

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Hatta Abdi Muhammad)

3 Election, Political Leadership and Development ABS-5

Behavioral Voters Analysis of Javanese Transmigrants in Local Politics in 2018
Hartati, Cholillah Suci Pratiwi

Faculty of Political and Social Science
University of Jambi


Voter behavior related to how individuals behave and compete in general elections, related to their political interests and choices towards a political party or candidate to be chosen based on country or region. This study aims to analyze the behavior of Javanese transmigrant voters in the selection of Regional Heads in Jambi City in 2018 by using a qualitative approach with descriptive analysis methods through observation, interviews and literature studies. This study explains that party identification is not only a major factor in voting behavior in local politics in Indonesia, especially Jambi City. However, the sociological and ethnic approach is also a factor in determining sound choices. This study confirms that voters tend to identify themselves with proximity, both ethnic and regional closeness and then choose their votes to candidates carried by their parties. This is evidenced by the results of the recapitulation of the Jambi City Election in 2018 to the Sani-Kemas pair who succeeded in winning with the number of votes 22,577 in the District of Palmerah with the majority of voters being Javanese.

Keywords: Behavioral Voters, Javanese Trnasmigrants, Local Politics

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Cholillah Suci Pratiwi)

4 Election, Political Leadership and Development ABS-11

A Model of Sustainibility of Political Development of Tareqah in Indonesian Politics
Warjio (a), Heri Kusmanto (b),Siti Nur Aini (c), Azhari M. latief (d), M. Zubeir Sipahutar (e), Irfan Prayogi (f)

Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Universitas Sumatera Utara (USU), Medan-Indonesia


In Indonesian politics, at a glance, the Tareqah and politics seem contradictory. The first tends to take care of the spiritual dimension and the second relates to world interests (power). However, the history of the development of Tareqah actually did not escape the political world. They apply and develop their own models in the sustainability of their political development. This paper will further explain the model of sustainability of the development of politics in political dynamics.

Keywords: A Model, Indonesian politics, Sustainability of political Development, Tareqah,

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (WARJIO -)

5 Election, Political Leadership and Development ABS-44

Demokrasi dan Problem Kepemimpinan Politik di Indonesia (Suatu studi komparatif politik antara Kepemimpinan Politik Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (Periode ke II 2009 sampai 2014) dengan Joko Widodo ( Periode 2014 sampai 2019)
Prof. Sri Zul Chairiyah MA

Departement of Political Science, FISIP, Universitas Andalas, Padang - Indonesia


Sosok pemimpin adalah sosok yang selalu menjadi pusat perhatian dan sorotan. Khususnya pemimpin sebuah negara. Hal ini menjadi semakin penting sejak Indonesia melaksanakan pemilihan presiden secara
langsung oleh rakyat. Sejak pertama kali Indonesia melaksanakan pemilihan presiden secara langsung pada 2004 hingga pemilihan presiden 2019, tidak banyak muncul sosok calon pemimpin baru, pasangan calon presiden dan wakil presiden peserta pilpres tahun 2019 masih sama dengan pasangan calon dari pilpres 2014. Pada pilpres 2014 muncul sosok baru yang menjadi sorotan masyarakat Indonesia, yang kemudian mencalonkan dirinya sebagai Presiden, yaitu Joko Widodo (Jokowi). Kehadiran Jokowi bagaikan sebuah fenonema baru di dunia politik Indonesia. Gaya kepemimpinan Jokowi berbeda dari pemimpin sebelumnya khususnya Kepemimpinan Politik Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (Periode ke II) berasal dari kalangan militer. Prinsip-prinsip dasar demokrasi harus menjadi acuan dalam mengevaluasi apakah kepemimpinan politik memiliki kapasitas dalam membangun kehidupan publik yang lebih baik Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendiskripsikan dan menganalisis perbandingan kepemimpinan politik antara Kepemimpinan Politik Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (Periode ke II 2009-2014) dengan Joko Widodo ( Periode 2014-2019) faktor persamaan dan perbedaan antara keduanya. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori kepemimpinan dan Demokrasi. Penelitian dilakukan secara kualitatif, dengan metode pengumpulan data perpustakaan dan wawancara

Keywords: Demokrasi; Kepemimpinan Politik; perbandingan politik Era Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dan Jokowi

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sri Zul Chairiyah)

6 Global South Sustainable Development ABS-12

Collaborative Governance Network Model in Hajj Plan to Strengthening Sustainable Development in Global South: A Recommendation
Mochamad Fathoni, Sigid WIdyantoro

Peradaban University


Hajj played important role as an encounter place for muslim around the world for gathering and intellectual exchange between scholars and dignitaries. The hajj momentum undoubtedly will raise the mobility and mobilization between borders which in some point, creates vulnerability. The paper aim to propose a collaborative governance model for global south in hajj plan that will increase resilience thus strengthening the sustainable development goals. The hypothesis in this paper that many muslim resides in global south country. Among them, Indonesia and Malaysia have bigger share of hajj pilgrimage among global south country that will create bottleneck problem in future hajj service while other have less share. To solve the problems, collaboration between global south country is needed. The paper use network methodology to validate the collaborative model. Through the recommended model, we expected more cooperation and develop economic ties between global south.

Keywords: Collaborative, Governance, Network, Hajj, Global South, Sustainable Development

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mochamad Fathoni)

7 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-3

Political Development Policy Based on Local Potential As An Efforts To Improve People Welfare in Merangin District, Jambi Province.
Pahrudin HM, Ratna Dewi

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
Universitas Jambi


Regional autonomy provides more space for regions to develop their territories so that peoples welfare can be realized. This effort can be made through policies sourced from local governments, one of which is development based on local potential. This study aims to determine the politics of local potential based development policies carried out by the Merangin District Government. This study uses a qualitative research approach with the type of library research by reviewing data related to local potential, development policies and community welfare of Merangin District 2016-2018. Based on BPS data, Merangin Regency has 131,413 Ha. rubber and 53,792 ha. oil palm as well as being the main foundation of people work in this region (79.63%). That is, if the Merangin District Government focuses on development policies in these two sectors, then almost all people will enjoy the results which certainly have implications for their welfare.

Keywords: Political Policy, Local Government, Local Potential, Welfare, Merangin.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Pahrudin HM)

8 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-6

INNOVATION OF POLICY AND PUBLIC SERVICE (Strategy for the Development of BUMDes as a Driver for the Community Economy of Tanjung Lanjut Village, Sekernan, Muaro Jambi)
Sutri Destemi Elsi (a*), Faizah Bafadhal (b), Rahman(b)

a).Universitas Jambi
Jl.Raya Jambi-Muaro Bulian Mendalo Darat Kecamatan Jaluko Kabupaten Muaro Jambi
b) Universitas Adiwangsa Jambi


Abstract. This study describes and analyzes the innovation of public policy and service of the Government of the Tanjung Lanjut Village of Muaro Jambi Regency in particular the strategy in developing BUMDes so that it can drive the economy of the community. Public policy innovation is a necessity that must be done to overcome the problems present in the community. The method used is a qualitative descriptive approach using primary data sources through stakeholders of the Village Government and secondary data sources through surveys of academic literature in the scientific fields of public policy and public services. Public policy theory and public servants are the basis of the main analysis that will be used in this study. The results to be achieved in this study are finding modern innovation in the policies and public services of the Tanjung Lanjut Village Government with the principle of usefulness to drive the economy of the community.

Keywords: Public Policy, Public Services, BUMDes, Tanjung Lanjut Village.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (SUTRI DESTEMI ELSI ELSI)

9 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-7

The impact of coal mining on environmentally sustainable development
Toni Nurhadi Kumayza

Student of public administration Science Doctoral Program at Gadjah Mada University & A Lecturer Public administration Department, Kutai Kartanegara University, Gunung Kombeng street Kutai Kartanegara, 75512, Indonesia, Kumayza[at]


This study identifies an environmentally sustainable development in the Kutai Kartanegara Regency in the province of East Kalimantan. Kutai Kartanegara is a regency with a significant economic growth since the decentralization of permit authorization in the mineral sector in Indonesia. The analytical descriptive research method is done by using secondary data through literature review. The result of this research concludes that the local government of Kutai Kartanegara regency in increasing the economic growth based on extractive industry views natural resources as source of revenue instead of source of livelihoods and consequently caused environmental degradation. The practice of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is limited and viewed as merely a requirement for mining permits and thus failed to prevent environmental degradation

Keywords: Decentralization, coal mining, environmental degradation

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Toni Nurhadi Kumayza)

10 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-8

Policy Style Indonesian Police In Countering Terrorism in Poso District
Heri Armanto Sutikno



The policy style is the style of the police operations carried out by the Indonesian Police in counter-terrorism in Poso District. After the Poso conflict, Indonesia East Assembly Group appears led by Santoso. In anticipation of this, Indonesian Police took the police operation policies conducted since the year 2012 up to now. There is a style of policing operations policy conducted.
The policy style consists of the Indonesian Police approach to solving problems and the relationship between the Indonesian Police and other actors in the policy process. Indonesian Police approach to solving the problem of terrorism is seen based on the formulation of police operational technical policies, including the general concept of operations and the objectives of operations and results of implementation. Whereas the relationship between the Indonesian Police and other actors in the policy process is based on policy actors participating in the Anev and Coordination Meeting held in making plans and implementing police operations.
The policy style of Indonesian police, namely the Indonetian Police approach to solving the problem of terrorism in Poso Regency on the 3 (three) police operations is anticipatory. While the relationship between the National Police and other actors in the process of making the 3 (three) technical policy of operations, 2 (two) operations were carried out by consensus and 1 (one) operation was carried out by force (Operation Tinombala - 2018 Extension). Suggested participation of policy act actors in the making and implementation of policies based on or in accordance with public interests.

Keywords: Keywords: Policy patterns, policy styles, policy actors, terrorism, police operations.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Heri Armanto Sutikno)

11 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-9

Javanese Culture in Internal Control in Government Bureaucracy
Mutia Rizal

Gadjah Mada University
Socio Yusticia Street No. 1, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Department of Public Policy Management
Faculty of Social and Politic Sicences


Local culture, including Javanese, has a treasure of values and principles that have deep roots in society. These values and principles are able to manifest in behavior, including in terms of self-control when working in a bureaucratic environment. In an atmosphere of formal and rational bureaucracy, various noble values that are characteristic of Javanese culture are sometimes not easily integrated into bureaucratic modernity. The research conducted at a government agency in the Special Region of Yogyakarta uses ethnometodology, to get a critical understanding of the dialectics of local culture with bureaucratic rationality. The research intends to provide a new perspective on the need to manage local culture in an effort to optimize internal control in the government bureaucracy. The success of fusing is influenced by many factors, videlicet the ability to get vertical and horizontal consensus, understanding the meaning of contestation, and the accuracy of understanding the alignment of the needs of the organization with its members. In the context of internal control in organizations, local cultural values are mostly able to survive and become reinforcement of internal control, but some other local cultural values are shifted by bureaucratic modernity due to several conditions.

Keywords: local culture; javanese culture; internal control; bureaucracy

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (mutia rizal)

12 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-13

The 4th Industrial Revolution as an Opportunity to Integrating the Environmental Value Toward Sustainable Development Goals
Sigid Widyantoro (a*), Rafika Arsyad (b), Mochamad Fathoni (b)

a) International Relations Department, Universitas Peradaban, jalan Raya Pagojengan Km. 3, Brebes, Jawa Tengah
b) International Relations Department, Universitas Peradaban, jalan Raya Pagojengan Km. 3, Brebes, Jawa Tengah


One of the focuses in SDGs was environment value which reflects in some goals that must be achieved in 2030. While the government was committed to achieve SDGs, the world itself was entering new phase which known as the fourth industrial revolution. This phase become a beginning in the transition of energy usage. Whereas, the first and second industrial revolution rely in steam then move to electricity, the fourth industrial revolution rely in renewable energy resources. The moves in energy usage gives hope to lift some burden to the world regarding environmental problems as well as opportunity to one step closer in fulfilling SDGs. The problem that would be answer through this paper was, first, the availability of affordable and clean energy resources which eventually also would give benefit to the environment. Second, what kind of global framework will be sufficient in managing this phase. Because it is needed for the government and related stakeholder to create collaboration and ensuring global stability to developed this sector. Third, what can we do to contribute in this new phase to achieve that goal.

Keywords: SDGs, environtment, fourth industrial revolution, energy

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sigid Widyantoro)

13 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-15

Flood Disaster Mitigation Policy Analysis ( A Case Study in Pangkalpinang City)
Yuli Tirtariandi El Anshori, Enceng, Jasrial

Universitas Terbuka


Disaster Mitigation in Pangkalpinang City is one of the concerns of the Pangkalpinang City Government after the major floods in 2016. The topographical condition of Pangkalpinang City makes it increasingly flood prone. This study aims to look at how disaster mitigation policies are carried out by the Pangkalpinang City Government, especially by the Disaster Management Agency of Pangkalpinang City. This study uses qualitative methods with exploratory models (case studies). Data collection techniques used are through in-depth interviews and FGDs, document studies, field observations. This research is also supported by quantitative data obtained from questionnaires. The result of the study shows that several disaster mitigation policies that have had a positive impact on Disaster Management Agency include structural and non-structural mitigation. For example in terms of social, administrative, environmental, structural, legal, and economic aspects. While the obstacles faced by the Disaster Management Agency include the aspect of funding, social aspect, and political aspects. Suggestions that can be given to the Pangkalpinang City Government are the need for more serious attention from the City Government and House of Representatives on the existence of Disaster Management Agency because Pangkalpinang City is now prone to major floods, including stagnant water conditions (small floods); The Disaster Management Agency needs to immediately map flood-prone areas in Pangkalpinang City so that it can take preventive steps in the future; and public knowledge of the risk of floods needs to be improved.

Keywords: Policy Analysis, Disaster Mitigation, Flood

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Yuli Tirtariandi El Anshori)

14 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-17

Collaborative Governance in Policy Advocacy of Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice in Semarang City
Retno Sunu Astuti, Bianglala Asmarasari

Universitas Diponegoro, Jl.Prof.Sh.Soedharto, Semarang, Indonesia


Reducing infant and under-five mortality by 2030 is one of the goals of sustainable development. One way to achieve the aforementioned goal is to intensify the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. In Indonesia, it was recorded that in 2017 the exclusive breastfeeding had only reached 61.33%, while in Semarang, the city had reached only 67.33%. The factor that influences the lack of awareness in exclusive breastfeeding is low self-efficacy among mothers. Using descriptive qualitative methods through in-depth interviews and documentation studies, this study aims to form a collaborative governance model in exclusive breastfeeding policy practices in Semarang City. Collaborative Governance in advocating exclusive breastfeeding policy is particularly crucial because not only the government is incapable to overcome these difficulties themselves, but also the complexity of working mothers continues to increase. Collaboration involves academicians, NGOs/Civil Society, Government, and Media. The Collaborative Governance model is built on the types of stakeholders in penta-helix chart. This model is presumed to be able to enhance self-efficacy in exclusive breastfeeding based on the actors role and interests.

Keywords: collaborative governance, self-efficacy, policy advocacy, exclusive breastfeeding practice

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Bianglala Asmarasari)

15 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-18

Ika Riswanti Putranti (a*), Marten Hanura (b)

a.Pusat Kajian Ketahanan Siber, Departemen Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Diponegoro (Corresponding Author) Email : ikarisp[at]
b.Departemen Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Diponegoro


Cyber space is increasingly playing an important role in the global world, affecting the pattern of relations between countries. The issue of non-traditional security threats is shifting towards the threat typology associated with cyber space. The concept of national security began to be complemented by a national cyber security strategy to support the security of its national interests, one of which was in the field of foreign trade. Where the country needs to ensure the security of cyber ecosystems to ensure the smooth flow of goods in order to maintain national economic stability. The large flow of goods in and out of a country makes the flow of data and information increasingly large and complex, and brings hidden costs in the form of cyber security threats. Cyber security concepts that are considered not responsive and resilient in dealing with and overcoming cyber attacks can occur at any time with patterns and types that continue to evolve. Cyber security gaps that are only able to respond during cyber attacks are not able to overcome the pattern and type of attack in the future in an anticipatory manner. The concept of cyber security should begin to be developed into cyber security that has patterns of recovery, adaptation, and evolution so as to be able to answer the dynamics of challenges in international trade. Interrupted cyber systems in international trade will potentially cause disruption of international relations because the threat of losses caused not only affects one country. The increasingly complex international trade context and involving big data should be one of the top priorities for cyber resilience strategies. This paper starts by explaining the state of play of cyber resilience in international relations and trade law. Next, analysis why the concept of cyber resilience in the perspective of international relations and trade law needs to be revised to face challenges in the digital economy. The specific reference in this study is ASEAN plus Six countries.

Keywords: cyber resilience, cyber security, international relations, trade law, big data, digital economy.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Ika Riswanti Putranti)

16 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-19

Tri Yuniningsih

Diponegoro University


Many studies that have been carried out on tourism development policies in the city of Semarang, it is still not optimal. This is because many factors include cooperation between actors that have not been good. It can be said that the sustainable development approach launched by the government is not good. Interesting phenomenon why this research conducted. As for the purpose of this study is to answer the research question why Tourism Village development policies in the city of Semarang are not fully characterizee by sustainable development. The method of research uses qualitative descriptive. The city of Semarang. Data collection was carried out by observation, interviews and documentation. From the results of the study, it can be seen that: tourism development policies, especially about tourism villages in Wonolopo village research locations are still less irritable. The cooperation between the actors involved is still not maximal, and the governments attention is still low. In relation to the sustainable development approach this policy also still does not fully show its characteristics. This is indicated by a lack of government attention to tourist villages that already formed but then allowed to grow and develop on its own. Characteristics of having an impact on economic aspects have not been maximal, the characteristics of the aspect of resources can be said to be quite good, and seen from the aspect of the social environment in particular it is still not good. While as a new tourism village, it still needs attention and support from the government and other actors to develop it so that it can exist in the future. Recommendations that can be conveyed to the government are to increase the network of actors involved so that they are more solid in developing tourism villages that are formed and give attention and more intensive guidance and direction. For tourism villages themselves, it is necessary to continually increase their capacity by collaborating with the private sector or other third parties. Sustainable development that has not yet been identified must continue to be pursued so that it can realize Tourism Village development policies Characteristic by sustainable development

Keywords: Development, Tourism Village, Sustainable Development, Economic Aspects, Resources

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Tri Yuniningsih)

17 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-20

Developing of The Continuing Professionalism Development (CPD) Policy for Teachers in Islamic School (Madrasah): Learning From Finland
Jauharoti Alfin, Ali Masud, Ah. Zakki Fuad,Achmad Muhibbin Zuhri

Islamic State University Sunan Ampel Surabaya


Teacher Continuing Professional Development (CPD) is the mandate of the law to improve the quality of education in Indonesia coupled with the provision of professional allowances. Until now the CPD has not been running ideal. The teacher still positions himself to wait for the professional development program from the government. The teacher has not positioned himself as an active subject in improving his professional competence.
Finland is a model that can be used as an example in developing CPD. From the essence of CPD, Finland can be a leading country in education. They make CPD as an instrument designed since the period of education of prospective teachers and integrating CPD work with institutional functions of higher education.
Madrasah teachers are an important subject to be considered in implementing CPD policies. They became one of the groups of teachers who helped bridge the development of education and at the same time were obliged to maintain the moral and moral character of the students religion. Several studies show that this group of teachers is at the lower level of the teacher strata in Indonesia. Starting from the education qualification mismatch with the subject matter to the low competencies they have.

Keywords: Continuing Professionalism Development (CPD), Teachers, Islamic School (Madrasah), Finland

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Jauharoti Alfin)

18 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-21

Afifah Nur Hidayah (a), Siti Rahmaniar Abubakar (a), Asrun Safiuddin (a)

a)Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Halu Oleo, Kampus Bumi Tri Dharma, Jl. H.E.A. Mokodompit, Kendari


Early childhood education teachers play a very important role in achieving the objectives of sustainable development based program at school. However, many obstacles faced by teachers when implementing a new program. including this sustainable based education program. Therefor a support system is needed to overcome these problems.
This library research-based research aims to answer the problem of what kind of support system for early childhood teachers in starting and maintaining the education based on the concept of sustainable development.
There were two types of support systems that can be implemented, namely conventional system and social media based system.These systems were designed based on a behavioral psychology approach.

Keywords: early childhood teacher, support system

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (afifah nur hidayah)

19 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-22

Complaint Handling Model as an Instrument of Public Service in Higher Education: The Case of Jenderal Soedirman University
Wisnu Widjanarko, Tri Nugroho Adi

Departement of Communication Science
Faculty of Social and Political Science
Jenderal Soedirman University


A new paradigm in public services in Indonesia which is increasing participation and active role of stakeholders becoming a one of indicator for a good public institution. For this reason, a communication mechanism is needed that can connect the interests of two parties institution and stakeholder, so that public expectations are fulfilled and the performance of public institution can be held accountable. This also applies in context of higher education institution, like Jenderal Soedirman University as a state universities with the status of public service entities where public service orientation and stakeholder satisfaction are an integral part in implementing institution mandates in of education, research and community service activities.
The aims of this study is to identify what kind of communication mechanisms is need to be carried out in realizing a culture of public participation and active role in higher education institution as one of the public service entities in Indonesia. The informants in this study are representation students, student council and student group interest, who were the biggest beneficiary groups that institution served. sing a focus group discussion approach as a data collection technique and interactive model as a data analysis technique, a number of finding are identified, that are communication channels that are friendly to access, give respond quickly with respect and personally and giving progress report as communication mechanism in managing student aspirations and complaints. Those findings are expected to be facilitated by university management so that they can improve and maintain the quality of services, realize stakeholder satisfaction and become an instrument for controlling the performance of their apparatus. This management of complain handling is not to violate the independence of universities, on the other hand is to identify best practice minimum standards that will protect the rights of students, staff and the university itself.

Keywords: Complaint Handling, Public Relations, Public Service, Higher Education

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Wisnu Widjanarko)

20 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-24

Kismartini, Yuliana K, Wisnu Kresna A



The size of Indonesias population and the rapid rate of population growth from 2010-2016 which reached 1.36%, caused the need for logistics to be even greater. While based on 2017 data shows, logistics costs in Indonesia are still quite large at 23.5% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Transportation costs are one of the most influential components, which amounts to 60% of the total logistics costs. This condition was caused by the inadequate supporting infrastructure of transportation in Indonesia. Transportation supporting infrastructure is considered very important as one of the efforts to realize the seventeen goals of sustainable development which the government is intensively implementing. Based on these conditions the government is required to be careful in regulating and suppressing the cost of logistics costs, especially in the field of transportation infrastructure so that the community is still able to obtain logistics at a cost that is still within the limits of its ability to realize Suistanable Development Goals. One form of development program and protection of transportation infrastructure taken by the government is a policy on revitalizing the implementation of weighing motor vehicles on Pantura Road, Central Java. The problem raised in this study is about the still dynamics of the problems that accompany the journey of the policy of implementing the weighing of motorized vehicles on Pantura in the Central Java Region which could potentially hinder the flow of logistics distribution of goods. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and find out what are the supporting and inhibiting factors for the implementation of Perdirhubdat policy Number SK.3723 / AJ.005 / DRJD / 2018 concerning the 2017-2024 Motor Vehicle Weighing Revitalization Road Map on the Pantura Road in Central Java. This study is a qualitative type, with a descriptive-explanatory approach. The results of this study indicate that the implementation of the revitalization program in the implementation of weighing motorized vehicles has not been fully maximized. This can be seen from the evaluation indicators including effectiveness, efficiency, adequacy, equity, resposivity, and accuracy that still have not reached the target. While the factors that influence the implementation of the revitalization program in the implementation of weighing motor vehicles on Pantura Road in the Central Java Region include consistency of communication, HR management, disposition and organizational structure.

Keywords: policy evaluation, policy resources, motor vehicles weighing

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Kismartini Kismartini)

21 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-25

Sustainable Tourism Development In Kepulauan Seribu
Mira and Umi Muawanah

Researchers at the Agency for Marine Affairs and Fisheries and Human Resources, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries


The goal of this study is to analyze Sustainable Tourism Development in the Kepulauan Seribu. The methodology employed the usage of three indicators for sustainable tourism proposed by Twining-Ward (2002) and swarbrooke (2000). They are development strategies, visitor behavior, and general concepts. We found that the tourism management model in each island depends on the island management and owner of the island .The results shows that tourism development carried out by private owner has lack the principles of sustainability. Tourism development is oriented to non-local parties. On the Contrary, the island that is managed by the community and the government implements the principles of sustainable tourism development. The owner of hotels and home stays use local labor. Considering visitor behavior indicator, islands managed by private companies, only apply one out of 6 sustainable indicators, namely trip preparation. For the other 4 sustainable tourism development indicators to the private island, since they do not learn the local language, these tourists have no desire to visit again. Thirdly, considering development strategies indicators, the island is managed by the community and government implements the principles of sustainable tourism development , because it implements the most determined sustainable tourism indicators using local developers, local labor, and local architecture. The islands are managed by private sector only implement a number of sustainable indicators, namely using local architecture and planning prior to the development.

Keywords: Sustainable Tourism indicators, strategies of development, visitors behavior,and general concept, Kepulauan Seribu.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mira Mira)

22 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-27

Divorce Phenomena among State Civil Apparatus in Cilacap Regency
Dyah Retna Puspita (a)*, Rin Rostikawati (b), Pawrtha Dharma (c)

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences,
University of Jenderal Soedirman


The high number of divorce cases in Cilacap Regency in the last few years (the most in number in Central Java) is an interesting phenomenon to study especially among the State Civil Apparatus/ASN. This is in line with their role as government policy implementers and public service providers who need harmonious family support. This study aims to describe the profile of divorce among ASN/PNS over the 2015-2017 period. This study applies descriptive-quantitative approach by utilizing the secondary data from the Regional Agency for Civil Service, Education and Training (BKPPD) of Cilacap Regency. The data was then analyzed using descriptive statistics. The result shows that at tht period, the number of cases is quite a lot, but it tended to decrease. Most of them are women as the plaintiffs and are from the Education Agency, especially as teacher. Most of them are highly educated (S1), have been married for over 20 years and have two children. In general, the causative factor is the lack of conjugal communication and worsened by other factors such as economic problems, domestic violence and infidelity. It is recommended that each agency (especially the Office of Education) increase the coaching of family resilience to its employees.

Keywords: divorce, family resilience, divorce among ASN/PNS, Cilacap Regency

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (DYAH RETNA PUSPITA)

23 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-30

Wahyuningsih (a*), Hartiwiningsih (b*), Emmy Latifah(b*)

(a) Pancasila University, Law Faculty Doctoral Program Student at Law Faculty UNS
(b) Profesor of Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(b) Lecturer of International Law of Faculty of Law, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Transboundary haze pollution (THP) resulting from land and/or forest fires experienced in the ASEAN regions has been formally addressed by ASEAN with the establishment of instruments of cooperation, and the significant effort was the formulation of ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (AATHP) which was eventually signed by all member states in June 2002 and came into force with ratification by a total of six member states in November 2003. To prevent the periodic incident of THP, zero burning policy is agreed as an alternative solution to mitigate transboundary haze pollution caused by forest and land fires in the AATHP. Anyhow AATHP still give access to controlled burning in applying the zero burning policy. This paper therefore will try to picture out how zero burning policy implemented at national level which still allow some forms of controlled burning. The national and regional legislation indicate efforts to comply the concept of sustainable development by ASEAN and Indonesia in particular.

Keywords: transboundary haze pollution, zero burning policy, national legislation.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Wahjuningsih Wahjuningsih)

24 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-31

Gender Analysis of Employment Conditions in Purbalingga Regency
Dyah Retna Puspita, Wahyuningrat

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
University of Jenderal Soedirman


The number of wigs and false eyelashes factories in Purbalingga Regency that employing tens of thousands of female is an interesting subject to study from a gender perspective. For this reason, this study aims to examine the employment conditions in Purbalingga Regency in terms of business conditions, employment status, number of working hours and open unemployment rates. This research applies a descriptive quantitative approach by utilizing the 2017 Purbalingga Regency Gender Profile data which is supported by other related data. The data was then analyzed using a gender perspective. The results of the study show that many of Purbalingga residents, mostly females, work as laborers/workers/employees. Female workers dominate the processing industry business sector, while the male group is more engaged in agriculture and the like. Female workers also work more in the formal private sector or as migrant workers. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate of male is much higher than female. This is due to more open employment opportunities for female along with the number of wigs and false eyelashes factories in this region that prefer female workers to male ones.

Keywords: gender, gender-perspective planning, male-oriented labor policies, Purbalingga.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Wahyuningrat Wahyuningrat)

25 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-34

Implementation of School Zoning Policy in New Student Acceptance from Top Down and Bottom Up Perspective
Rahmat Safari

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman


Implementation is a part of the policy process stages which is seen as separate from policy formulation process (Hupe and Hill, 2015). Policy implementation reflects a complex change process which government decisions are transformed into programs, procedures, regulations, or practices for social improvements (DeGroff and Cargo, 2009). Both explicitly and implicitly, policy implementation aims to achieve various types of changes among target groups (Nilsen, 2013). Therefore, the assessment of policy implementation is essential, it will promote accountability, enhancing effectiveness, and fostering equity and quality (Bhuyan, 2010). Recently, the quality of Indonesian education has been faced with the phenomenon of favorite schools and non-favorite school. This dichotomie seems as a problem (Martono, 2017). To overcome this, the government then issued school zoning policy in new student acceptance. The purpose of this policy is to make education have same quality level. However, few problems then appear. This effort is not followed by balanced school distributions in some areas. For example in the ex administrative city of Purwokerto at the middle school level. From 28 schools, 9 schools are state-owned and 19 schools are private-owned. Moreover, the practice of this policy also gets pros and cons in several regions in Indonesia.

Keywords: Public Policy, Policy Implementation, Education, School Zoning Policy

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Rahmat Safari)

26 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-36

The Ethics of Public Administration and Policy for Sustainability Development: a Case of Indonesia
Sukarso; Niken Paramarti Dasuki

Universitas Jenderal SOedirman


The study of moral issues in public administration has been dominated by instrumental values about achieving goals, not by the goals themselves. History about the values adopted by public administration as far as starting from the classics with effectiveness and efficiency to those considered contemporary with democracy and participation are mostly hurly-burly. Public administration, therefore, tends to be out of its context. Phenomenology and even anthropology studies are not strong enough to coloring the development of public administration ethics. In the Indonesian context, moral values in public administration research and practice appear to be undeveloped properly yet. The doctrine of dichotomy in public administration is so ingrained. The public administration has no determined their moral values themselves. With a meta-analysis approach, the results of the study show that public administration in Indonesia has not cared about efforts to look for its moral values, except values that are currently popular in global discourse. It has an impact on the vulnerability of sustainable development effort. It is unrooted policies anyway except a phenomenological approach to the ethics field.

Keywords: ethics, sustainable development, public policy.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sukarso Sukarso)

27 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-37

Territorial Awareness and Sustainable Development: Case Study of the Camar Bulan Village
Dr. Iva Rachmawati and Dr. Machya Astuti Dewi

International Relations Department, Social and Political Sciences, UPN Veteran University of Yogyakarta


The border area is an area that is very vulnerable to state sovereignty. Violations of territorial borders, illegal trade to issues of nationalism on the border are common things found in border areas. Although the demarcation line has been agreed upon, border issues cannot only be managed by enforcing state boundaries. The Indonesia- Malaysia border is a vulnerable border on issues such as the absence of an agreed line of demarcation, smuggling and the issue of uprooting nationalism. Similarly, the Indonesia Malaysia border in the Camar Bulan Village which is located at the tip of West Kalimantan. Those areas that are still difficult to reach and very vulnerable also to border problems. However, citizens choose to remain bound as Indonesian citizens even though neighboring countries have a better level of development and prosperity. This article is the result of qualitative research on the Camar Bulan Village using the concept of place attachment. The results of field observations and in-depth interviews show that the depth of place attachment built by emotional ties and experience encourages citizens to maintain territorial awareness in addition to the increasingly intense presence of the state through pro-border policies

Keywords: Territorial Awareness, Borders, Place Attachments

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Iva Rachmawati)

28 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-39

Sustainable Transportation Reform: Changing the Face of the Indonesian Railroad System in the Partnership Perspective
Lungid Wicaksana, Kristina Setyowati, Didik Gunawan Suharto

Masters in Public Administration, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta, Jl. Ir. Sutami No.36 A, Pucangsawit, Kec. Jebres, Surakarta City, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia


One of the major changes that have taken place in the field of Indonesian railroad transportation has changed various aspects such as policy, organization, managerial, service and travel systems, and infrastructure. A very significant change was shown in financial terms that experienced a large surge. The problem focusing on equity, development and infrastructure integration only focuses on Java and a few in Sumatra island. Later, in this study provides a view of how sustainable transportation reforms are seen from the stages and factors that influence the classification of countries based on material welfare. Where developing countries and developed countries apply different systems and methods according to the recommended model. Then it will be known which systems and methods are suitable to be applied based on the problems that occur through the glasses of partnership with the aim of resolving government issues related to financial and non-financial issues with the private sector.

Keywords: Sustainable, Transportation, Reformation, Partnership

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Lungid Wicaksana)

29 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-40

Collaborative Governance in Overcoming Poverty Problems in Surakarta : A Literature Review
Cahyoko Edi Tando (1), Sudarmo (2) and Rina Herlina Haryanti (2)

1Master Program in Public Administration, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A,Surakarta, Indonesia

2Department of Public Administration, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia


Poverty is one of complex problem engages many stakeholders that exist in society. Government as the highest authority will not be able to do everything, therefore it certainly requires other parties who are willing to help overcome poverty especially in the city of Surakarta. The solution offered by researchers is through Collaborative Governance to overcome this poverty problem. This study employs literature review approach to analyze how the patterns of poverty reduction based on the results of previous studies. The method utilize literature review using 2 keywords that are collaborative governance and poverty. The results revealed that there are at least 3 patterns in poverty reduction, that establish a poverty alleviation agency, then initiation from the private sector and finally a local wisdom approach. However, in Surakarta City, there can be at least 2 patterns, that are establishing a special agency that handles poverty, and the second approach is based on local wisdom.

Keywords: Collaborative Governance, Poverty, and Surakarta City.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (cahyoko edi tando)

30 Public Policy, Public Service and Sustainable Development ABS-42

FROM SECURITY APPROACH TO AFIRMATION APPROACH: Politics of Budget and Financial Literacy for the Poor to Protect Migrant Worker in Banyumas Regency
Luthfi Makhasin, Andi Ali Said Akbar, Ahmad Sabiq

Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman


This research deals with two different but related topics, financial literacy and its effect in improving capacity to access information and banking services and budget policy and government capacity to intervene and protect migrant worker in Banyumas Regency. Most of researcher and policy maker consider problems and vulnerability faced by migrant worker derive from lack of supervising and coordinating capacities of the governments agencies and that of personal capacity of prospective migrant workers due to educational and socio-economic backgrounds. Different from most of scholarly studies on migrant workers, this research assumes that the lack of financial literacy and the absence of governments budget affirmative policy are roots of the problem. The lack of financial literacy has to do with personal capacity to access information and services while the absence of affirmative policy relates to structural and financial constraints faced by the government to intervene and protect migrant worker. Both problems are directly responsible for ongoing exploitation faced by those working overseas. This research finds out that while migrant workers contributes significantly to boost domestic economy trough remittance on the one hand and deal with unemployment problems on the other, most of migrant worker still relies on high interest debt and rent seeking practices. Though the government currently provides low interest credit program accessible to prospective migrant worker, this research shows that most problems faced by migrant workers in particular and employment problems in general have to be addressed through citizens and private sectors initiatives rather than government interference.

Keywords: migrant worker, affirmative policy, budget, financial literacy, employment

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Andi Ali Said Akbar)

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